Landlords have specific legal responsibilities to their tenants when it comes to gas safety Understanding the law for rental accommodation

As a landlord, you are responsible for the safety of your tenants. Landlords’ duties apply to a wide range of accommodation, occupied under a lease or licence, which includes, but not exclusively:

  • residential premises provided for rent by local authorities, housing associations,private sector landlords, housing co-operatives, hostels
  • rooms let in bed-sit accommodation, private households, bed and breakfast accommodation and hotels
  • rented holiday accommodation such as chalets, cottages, flats, caravans and narrow boats on inland waterways.

The Gas Safety (Installation and Use) Regulations 1998 deal with landlords’ duties to make sure gas appliances, fittings and flues provided for tenants are safe.

Landlord’s responsibilities

If you let a property equipped with gas appliances you have three main responsibilities:

  • Maintenance:pipework, appliances and flues must be maintained in a safe condition. Gas appliances should be serviced in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions. If these are not available it is recommended that they are serviced annually unless advised otherwise by a Gas Safe registered engineer.
  • Gas safety checks: a 12 monthly gas safety check must be carried out appliance/flue.  A gas safety check will make sure gas fittings and appliances are safe to use.
  • Record: a record of the annual gas safety check must be provided to your tenant within 28 days of the check being completed or to new tenants before they move in. Landlords must keep copies of the gas safety record for two years.

Landlord Legal Responsibilities Electricity Safety

Landlords – Electrical safety obligations

In the UK currently landlords are exposing themselves to significant financial risks, from fines and invalidated insurance, through not acting on their electrical safety obligations.In the UK currently landlords are exposing themselves to significant financial risks, from fines and invalidated insurance, through not acting on their electrical safety obligations.

Landlords are also putting millions of UK private tenants at risk of serious accident or fire. It is therefore of vital importance you as the landlord understand you responsibilities as a landlord.


Landlords are required by law to ensure:

  • That the electrical installation in a rented property is safe when tenants move in and maintained in a safe condition throughout its duration.
  • That a House in Multiple Occupation (HMO) has a periodic inspection carried out on the property every five years.
    If your property is not an HMO, you are not legally obliged to do this.
    However, we recommend that a periodic inspection and test is carried
    out by a registered electrician on your rental properties at least every
    five years.
  • That any appliance provided is safe and has at least the CE marking
    (which is the manufacturer’s claim that it meets all the requirements of European law).

To meet these requirements a landlord will need to regularly carry out basic safety checks to ensure that the electrical installation and appliances are safe and working.

What is a “Gas Safety Certifcate/Record”?

A Gas Safety Certificate is a Legal document which certifies that the Gas Installation and all Gas Aplliances are safe to operate and use.

What is a Gas Safe registered Engineer?

A Gas Safe Registered Engineer(Gas Safe Engineer) is a qualified and competent engineer who is registered with Gas Safe to carry out work and Inspections on Gas Installations and Appliances.

What is the “Gas Safety Regualtions 1998”?

The gas safety regualtions 1998 have been put in place to ensure the landlords are aware is what is required of them before renting out there properties to tenants. Failure to comply with this can lead to prosecution.

For further information regarding this:

Landlord can go to the:

Gas Safe Register website – , or

HSE’s Gas Safety –

What is meant by “HMO”?

“HMO” stands for house in Multiple Occupancy which means where the property has numerous tenants.

What is “PAT testing”?

Portable Appliance Testing  (PAT) is the term used to describe the examination of electrical appliances and equipment to ensure they are safe to use. Most electrical safety defects can be found by visual examination but some types of defect can only be found by testing. For further in see: